Posted On : 11 Aug 2018
THE SHIP OF THINGS TO COME (A Series):
Roro transport and globalization
How did Roll-on / Roll-off Shipping evolve from then to today? — There is a symbiotic relationship between globalization and maritime shipping. Globalization increases the demands for maritime shipping, while maritime shipping enables globalization.
The increased flow of knowledge, resources, goods, and services among our world’s nations is called “globalization”, defined as “the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets.”
Larger goods movement is critical puzzle piece in fostering globalization. This has led to the transformation of its technologies and advancements the past decades to serve the demands of globalization in a consumer-driven world. Marine transportation is an integral, if sometimes less visible, part of the global economy. The marine transportation system is a network of specialized vessels, the ports they visit, and transportation infrastructure from factories to terminals to distribution centers to markets.
According to the International Transport Forum, producers to consignees invest and develop new systems in shipping to achieve higher efficiency at the crux of a technical revolution. “Globalization and information technology, rapid and substantial changes in the environment require both from individuals, as well as from companies and the whole society to change their business philosophies and orientation towards their core business.”
However, even with improvements on maritime transport, faster modes of goods movement like air and road freight seem to hold weight. Ocean freight is mired with concerns of efficiency in time, cost, and reliability of delivery, but slower, lower cost modes often carry much more cargo and, with proper planning, these modes can reliably deliver larger quantities to meet just-in-time inventory needs.
If anything, maritime transport complements perfectly these faster modes of freight forwarding. On the other hand, maritime shipping can hold its own, for many commodities and trade routes have no direct substitute for waterborne commerce.
Roro shipping services have no doubt contributed to this narrative, providing one of the best options of global goods movement for its ability to integrate well with other transport developments with least delay.
roro ships (ferry services) have also gained popularity among private car owners who can simply roll on from one place and roll off with ease to a dream destination, or a weekend escape, contributing to the growth of tourism
in many archipelagic countries that rely on such ships to ferry guests in and out. Ports are enlivened. Business is booming. Everybody benefits. These activities bring rather social-economic than environmental benefits.
They contribute to sustainable development by meeting the transport and trade needs of the inhabitants. They improve the safety of the regions and influence development of tourism.